Globalisation and technology; e-services, global companies and their impact on the local entrepreneurship and employment

Globalization is an increase in the interdependence of countries, companies and people on a global scale: it concerns economic, political, social, environmental and demographic processes. It limits and removes physical, technological, political and social barriers between states, creating an integrated global market. It is really nothing new: the ancient Greeks sailed to the ends of their known world, and the Silk Route in the 3rd century BC. connected Europe with China commercially. All aspects of globalization are interconnected and interpenetrate.

Nowadays, globalization is particularly fast and intense, and the last year, which was marked by a pandemic that drastically limited the mobility of people, further accelerated both the aspect of the development of globalization and the development of technology, including e-services. In a short time, it was necessary to develop tools to facilitate remote functioning in every aspect of life and the availability of these tools.

As before, e-services save you time – you don’t have to go anywhere to get things done – and money: you don’t incur the costs of leaving home.

Thanks to all this, an opportunity appeared for regions and people who, for various reasons, have not been able to benefit from the positive aspects of globalization so far.

Globalization creates jobs in Europe, and the economic benefits for the regions include many aspect.  Foreign investments contribute to the creation of jobs, and thus the economic development of the region. Large foreign companies are looking for local subcontractors and business partners. Thanks to them, many new technologies and organizational solutions appear, and business contacts are established. As a result, not only the production sphere develops, but also infrastructure, education and even health care.

Working in and with international corporations forces you to adapt your way of working to the Western style, which favors the self-development of employees.

Multinationality requires the use of a common language, most often English. The importance of geographic distance and time zone differences is also reduced, and the circulation of information and access to it, as well as to different kinds of e-services, are accelerated. The chances are equal.

Local companies operating in the conditions of globalization of the world economy should effectively use all the existing opportunities created by globalization processes. Entering foreign markets and increasing the volume can significantly improve the competitive position of the enterprise.

It is important to find and use positive aspects in globalization. The generation of young people much easier adapts to the rapidly changing reality: they are used to the dynamics of change and – often unlike the older generations. There are projects supporting activities and the return of young people to the labour market – one of them is FOLM – From Outdoor to Labour Market project.

The FOLM project is a model of Outdoor Learning targeted on young people without education, employment or trainings (NEETs – not in employment, education or training) in three countries: Poland, Spain and Ireland. 

The aim of the project is to develop the life and professional skills of young people aged 18-29, so that its participants can become active on the labour market and motivated to continue their education.

Initiatives such as the FOLM project support sustainable and high-quality youth employment. The focus on transnational cooperation reflects the view that youth unemployment is a common European challenge and that it is therefore important to fight for good solutions together.


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